What Are Primary Risk Factors?

What are the 5 risk factors?

The five risk factors are:increased blood pressure (greater than 130/85 mmHg)high blood sugar levels (insulin resistance)excess fat around the waist.high triglyceride levels.low levels of good cholesterol, or HDL..

What are the 6 health risk factors?

In Sect. 3.2, health risk factors and their main parameters in built environments are further identified and classified into six groups: biological, chemical, physical, psychosocial, personal, and others.

Who is at high risk of heart attack?

Men age 45 or older and women age 55 or older are more likely to have a heart attack than are younger men and women. Tobacco. This includes smoking and long-term exposure to secondhand smoke. High blood pressure.

What are five controllable risk factors for CVD?

Controllable risk factors are those which you can take steps to change or influence.Diet.Smoking.Excessive alcohol consumption.Inactivity.High cholesterol.High blood pressure (hypertension)

What are the three health risk factors?

Your personal health risk factors include your age, sex, family health history, lifestyle, and more. Some risks factors can’t be changed, such as your genes or ethnicity. Others are within your control, like your diet, physical activity, and whether you wear a seatbelt.

What are some examples of risk factors?

Risk factor examplesNegative attitudes, values or beliefs.Low self-esteem.Drug, alcohol or solvent abuse.Poverty.Children of parents in conflict with the law.Homelessness.Presence of neighbourhood crime.Early and repeated anti-social behaviour.More items…•

What is the biggest health issue in the world?

As people all over the world live longer than ever, this and other noncommunicable diseases—including obesity-related illnesses, hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, and mental illness—have become the leading cause of death and disability worldwide.

What risk factors can you control?

What You Can ControlCholesterol levels: Get yours under control with diet, exercise, and medication if needed. … Smoking: Stop. … Stress: Identify and reduce sources of stress in your life, including depression, anger, and anxiety. … Diabetes: Find out if you have it and take action.More items…•

Which risk factor for stroke is uncontrollable?

Controllable risk factors for stroke include high cholesterol and being overweight. Age and gender are uncontrollable risk factors.

What is primary and secondary prevention?

Primary Prevention – trying to prevent yourself from getting a disease. Secondary Prevention – trying to detect a disease early and prevent it from getting worse. Tertiary Prevention – trying to improve your quality of life and reduce the symptoms of a disease you already have.

What are genetic risk factors?

Genetic risk is the contribution our genes play in the chance we have of developing certain illnesses or diseases. Genes are not the only deciding factor for whether or not we will develop certain diseases and their influence varies depending on the disease.

What are the primary health risk factors?

The following are common risk factors that can lead to cardiovascular disease:+High Blood Pressure.+Overweight/Obesity.+Tobacco Use.+High Cholesterol.+Diabetes.+Poor Diet/Nutrition.+Lack of Physical Activity.

What is the difference between primary and secondary risk factors?

It is common practice to classify prevention into two distinct categories: primary and secondary prevention. Primary prevention comprises of pre-event preventive action, secondary prevention concentrates on re-event prevention.

What are the 4 uncontrollable risk factors?

Uncontrollable risk factors for heart disease include:Male sex.Older age.Family history of heart disease.Being postmenopausal.Race (African-Americans, American Indians, and Mexican Americans are more likely to have heart disease than Caucasians.)

What are positive risk factors?

Positive risks are event which have a positive impact on your objectives. … For many people the term “risk” has negative connotations; i.e. something bad will happen, I will lose money, get injured, crash my car etc..

What are the 3 types of risk factors?

The three categories of risk factors are detailed here:Increasing Age. The majority of people who die of coronary heart disease are 65 or older. … Male gender. … Heredity (including race) … Tobacco smoke. … High blood cholesterol. … High blood pressure. … Physical inactivity. … Obesity and being overweight.More items…

What are the six main risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

Major Risk FactorsHigh Blood Pressure (Hypertension). High blood pressure increases your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. … High Blood Cholesterol. One of the major risk factors for heart disease is high blood cholesterol. … Diabetes. … Obesity and Overweight. … Smoking. … Physical Inactivity. … Gender. … Heredity.More items…

How do you determine risk factors?

Risk termsAR (absolute risk) = the number of events (good or bad) in treated or control groups, divided by the number of people in that group.ARC = the AR of events in the control group.ART = the AR of events in the treatment group.ARR (absolute risk reduction) = ARC – ART.RR (relative risk) = ART / ARC.More items…

What is the #1 cause of cardiovascular disease?

Plaque buildup thickens and stiffens artery walls, which can inhibit blood flow through your arteries to your organs and tissues. Atherosclerosis is also the most common cause of cardiovascular disease. It can be caused by correctable problems, such as an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, being overweight and smoking.

What are the 6 secondary CVD risk factors?

Some common risk factors of CVD include obesity, gender, age, blood lipids, and smoking.

What are examples of behavioral risk factors?

Numerous lifestyle habits, identified as behavioral risk factors (BRFs), may increase NCD risk. These risk factors include overweight or obesity, smoking, physical inactivity, and risky alcohol consumption (2,4–8). Each of these risk factors alone can cause numerous health problems.