Quick Answer: How Does The Presence Of Observers Affect A Person’S Performance?

Which factor most affects first impressions?

In one study, scientists found that first impressions are generally influenced most by nonverbal communication and body language.

They found that clothing, hairstyles, accessories, and other aspects of a person’s outward appearance have a seemingly smaller influence on first impressions..

When we perform better on simple or well learned tasks in the presence of others this is called?

Social Facilitation and Social Inhibition. … The tendency to perform tasks better or faster in the presence of others is known as social facilitation. Although people sometimes perform better when they are in groups than they do alone, the situation is not that simple.

What three components are necessary to realize the foot in the door phenomena?

And, they have three components: an affective component (feelings), a behavioral component (the effect of the attitude on behavior), and a cognitive component (belief and knowledge) (Rosenberg & Hovland, 1960).

How does culture affect our behavior?

If culture fosters a more extroverted personality style, we can expect more need for social interaction. Additionally, Individualistic cultures foster more assertive and outspoken behavior. When the general population encourages these gregarious behaviors, more ideas are exchanged and self-esteem increases.

What is a major problem with the original Milgram study group of answer choices?

What is a major problem with the original Milgram study? Milgram lied to his respondents, making his study borderline unethical. What is the major flaw in the Asch conformity study? Asch ignored the importance of several factors influencing conformity- race, class, and gender.

Does crime increase in hot weather?

Violent Crime Increases During Warmer Weather, No Matter the Season, Study Finds. Among police officers, there’s a maxim: Being a cop gets a whole lot busier when it’s hot out. … Overall, crime rates were highest in the warmest months of the year — May through September — and highest on the hottest days.

What was Milgram trying to prove?

The Milgram Shock Experiment He conducted an experiment focusing on the conflict between obedience to authority and personal conscience. Milgram (1963) examined justifications for acts of genocide offered by those accused at the World War II, Nuremberg War Criminal trials.

When a task is relatively simple or well?

Ex: Social facilitation is when a task is relatively simple or well rehearsed, the presence of other people tends to enhance individual performance. The reduction of self-awareness and inhibitions that can occur when arousal is part of a group whose members feel anonymous.

Which theory best explains why our actions can lead us to modify our attitudes?

Terms in this set (133) Which theory best explains why our actions can lead us to modify our attitudes? Cognitive dissonance theory is most helpful for understanding the impact of: role-playing on attitude change.

In what season does more crime occur quizlet?

DAY, SEASON, CLIMATE: most reported crimes occur during the warm summer months of july and august. exceptions are murders and robberies, which tend to occur frequently in december and january. first day of the month.

What are the four factors that influence obedience according to Milgram?

According to your text, what are the four factors that influence obedience according to Milgram? – The four factors that influence obedience are authenticity and closeness of the authority figure, remoteness (neutrality) of the victim, assignment of responsibility, and representation or imitating others.

What is minimized when a social influence impacts a person’s behavior?

social exchange theory proposes that our social behavior-benefits, even altruistic, helpful acts- are based on self-interest. maximizing our benefits (which may include our own good feelings) and minimizing our costs. social norms influence altruistic behaviors by telling us how we should behave.

Are feelings that are based on beliefs they predispose people to react in a particular way to objects people and events?

social loafing. _____are feelings, often based on beliefs, that predispose people to react in a particular way to objects, people, and events. Cognitive dissonance theory states that to reduce dissonance, individuals tend to: try to align their attitudes and behavior.

What ethical principles were violated in the Milgram shock study?

The ethical issues involved with the Milgram experiment are as follows: deception, protection of participants involved, and the right to withdrawal. The experiment was deemed unethical, because the participants were led to believe that they were administering shocks to real people.

How is our behavior affected by the presence of others?

How is our behavior affected by the presence of others or by being part of a group? Social facilitation experiments reveal that the presence of either observers or co-actors can arouse individuals, boosting their performance on easy tasks but hindering it on difficult ones.

How does the presence of observers affect a person’s performance group of answer choices?

It improves performance on unenjoyable tasks and hinders a person’s performance on enjoyable tasks. … It improves performance on poorly learned tasks and hinders a person’s performance on well-learned tasks.

Which factor best explains why there is more crime during the summer?

When temperatures go up in summer, the rate of violent crimes increases. This is BEST explained in terms of: the mere exposure effect.

Variations in composition of the population, particularly youth concentration. Stability of the population with respect to residents’ mobility, commuting patterns, and transient factors. Modes of transportation and highway system. Economic conditions, including median income, poverty level, and job availability.